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Why has India succeeded in IT and software ?

 Why has India succeeded in IT and software?

India's success story and its great progress in information technology and software, where the Federation of Indian software companies Nasscom expects to reach the value of its exports to all parts of the world, including the United States and Europe, about fifty billion dollars in 2008, while in 2002 it was about six billion, it puts us in the question: why India advanced
India is now another face and a new image that has been emerging since the 1990s: a new Silicon Valley, South Asia, where India is increasingly attracting the IT industry, and the Indian city of Bangalore has become a global stronghold of the industry, where major companies operating in this field have settled at the ground level, and local companies have also sponsored it.
India has succeeded in building its image as the world's number one IT professional.
Starting in the 1950s, India was known as a major source of computer experts in the world, and low wages, modest living costs, and the spread of English encouraged many foreign companies, not only to hire Indian companies to perform overseas development services, but also to open major branches in India, with thousands of employees to perform these operations.
The growth of the industry in India in its various forms, and the proliferation of Indian experts around the world, appears to be a threat to the labour market for IT professionals in a country such as the United States of America, prompting the New Jersey State representative in the Senate to propose legislation prohibiting non-United States citizens, or those without work permits, from working on certain IT projects.
Oracle, an IT company, announced in June that it plans to double its workforce in India from 3,000 to 6,000 in one year. This is in line with the fact that India is the head of the giant's technical support operations, a large part of the development process esplanor is under way, and the company plans to transfer other its subsidiary services to India, including internal accounting.
But what are the factors behind India's superiority in it industries and services, so that it is now the first country in outsourcing services?

Success factors for the Indian experiment

India is the second largest country in the world, given the population of more than 1 billion, and the proliferation of universities and technical institutes is helping to produce huge numbers of IT professionals.

Language factor

English, the dominant language in the IT sector, is the second official language in the country, and Indians often speak English, especially in the southern states of the Indian subcontinent.
The low cost of living in India and the subsequent decline in wages have helped to increase the country's labour force. But Indian quality has its role. Most Indian companies engaged in iSO quality services, to the point where three quarters of SEICMM quality certified companies are located in India.
There is also a strong communication symour, especially in information industry centres, including:
Working constantly to develop advanced software solutions, there are many successful Indian experiences, which have passed through years of development, including e-commerce solutions, database solutions of all kinds, accounting solutions, and electronic publishing solutions, making it easier for foreign companies to rely fully on Indian companies to use such solutions.
The Indian economy is another encouraging factor, with sustained growth, with the service sector contributing about 51 per cent of national income, while the software export sector is experiencing annual growth of 40 to 50 per cent, to the point where India is the world's second-leading software exporter, amid the growing emergence of giant companies such as Wipro and Infosys.
According to Zakkar, this Indian success cannot be separated from the existence of a stable political system and democratic governments, which encourage and nurture the development of the software and communications industry, and pursue special economic and tax policies towards it.
The Indian tax system supports the software industry and external development of services, with a five-year tax exemption for Internet-enabled companies, and a 10-year exemption for technology complexes such as the complex, built by Sun Microsystems in Bangalore, which has 5,000 programmers and technicians, while India grants a 10-year tax exemption to companies engaged in scientific research.

Human wealth

The well-known technical expert Dr. Abdulqadir Al-Fantouk believes that the wealth of minds that all countries seek to possess is the secret of India's progress and backwardness and thus the possession of advanced technology in the software and information technology industry, and it became clear that the country that will suffer from the lack of skilled hands in the field of information technology will not be able to achieve the desired progress.

Explains the Asian experience in mind-owning, saying:

(Asian countries have begun to take care of the development of minds and manpower to qualify them to work in an IT discipline due to their strong needs for these disciplines with few graduates, for example, universities in Singapore produce only 2,500 young people skilled in INFORMATION technology annually, while their annual needs reach 10,000 of them.)
A recent study confirms that South Korea needs 100,000 trained young minds each year, but its universities only graduate 48,000 a year.

The Japanese giant needs between 300,000 and half a million a year to survive economically, in other words, 1 million to 2 million until 2005. So the Japanese government brought together a group of leading industry, finance and scientists in a council to draw up a plan to make Japan a global it power, and the first item of the plan was to attract 30,000 technical skilled technicians from abroad annually until that year (2005).
For the United States and Europe, the figures are much higher, especially since they are an attraction for trained and skilled it minds.